Birth Injury Glossary

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The following terms are terms that our birth injury attorneys may bring up regarding your lawsuit. If any of these issues sound familiar regarding your situation, our birth injury attorneys can help determine whether or not you have a case. Contact our birth injury attorneys today.

Amniocentesis - This is a surgical puncture of the uterus through the abdomen done in order to retrieve amniotic fluid.  The fluid is then tested for early detection of genetic disorders, fetal lung maturity, and fetal abnormalities. 

Apgar Score - A score that determines a newborn's overall wellbeing based on their current pulse, appearance, skin color, respiration, reflex irritability, muscle tone, and grimace.

Ataxia - Uncoordinated, jerky movements.

Athetosis - Movements that involuntary and uncontrollable. 

Baclofen - Spasticity reduction medicine.

Cerebral Palsy
- A disability that causes a lack of muscle coordination, speech impediments, and frequent spasms.  This disability results from damage to the brain induced before, during, and/or shortly after birth.   

Chorea - Small and uncontrollable movements of fingers and toes.

Cognitive Functions - Brain skills such as concentration, attention, and memory.

CT Scan - Also known as a computed tomography scan, this can be used to determine the cause of cerebral palsy in an infant, as well as any other brain abnormalities.

Dysarthria - Often associated with cerebral palsy, this is a speech disorder that causes weak muscles and may result in slurring of speech or voice output system, depending on the level of severity.

Electronic Fetal Monitoring - A type of fetal monitoring performed both externally and/or internally to record the fetal heart rates as well as the mother’s uterine contractions.

Gait - The way an individual walks.

Hemiplegia - When only one side of the body is affected.

Hypertonia - Muscle stiffness.

Hypotonia - Muscle floppiness.

Induction of Labor - Uterine contractions initiated for medical and/or surgical means for delivery, before spontaneous labor occurs.     

Infant Death - This includes any death from the moment of birth up until the day before the first year of birth.

Intention Tremors - Also associated with cerebral palsy, an intention tremor may occur when a moving body part begins to shake and tremble.

Involuntary Movement - A movement that is not made under the control of the individual. 

Neuro-developmental Conditions - An impairment resulting in unusual motor, speech, and social skills.  These problems develop within the central nervous system and/or brain may also cause major learning deficits.

Occupational Therapy - Therapy designed to enable someone to work with their hands and arms. 

Physical Therapy - Therapy designed to keep muscles stretched and improve mobility.

Post-neonatal Death
- This includes any death of a born infant of at least 28 days of age up until the day before a year from the birth.

Prolonged Labor - This consists of a lengthy progress of more than 20 hours of labor. 

Tocolysis - This is the term for the use of medical substances used to prevent preterm contractions and a preterm birth, thus extending the pregnancy duration.

Ultrasound - A means to visualize the fetus and placenta by sound wave technology.

If you or a loved one has had an infant that has signs of birth injuries or trauma, you need our birth injury attorneys. Contact our Birth Injury Attorneys Today!

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