Primary Causes Of Neonatal Mortality

U.S. AID, Aug 30, 2006

What are the Primary Causes of Neonatal Mortality?

Nearly one-third of deaths to newborns in the first four weeks of life are caused by infections. These infections include tetanus, sepsis, respiratory infections, and diarrhea. Birth asphyxia and injuries, complications of prematurity, and congenital abnormalities are also primary causes of newborn death.

Fortunately, evidence-based interventions exist to address these causes and decrease their overall negative impact. Tetanus toxoid immunization for mothers, clean delivery care, umbilical cord care, eye care, early and exclusive breastfeeding, and antibiotics can help reduce the toll of deaths due to infections. Keeping babies warm, resuscitation techniques, and skilled birthing professionals can prevent birth asphyxia and other deaths due to injuries. Control of syphilis and folate supplementation can also reduce congenital abnormalities.

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